Though trafficking is a relatively new word, the meaning of the word is not. Trafficking of human beings is easiest described as a contemporary form of slavery. UNICEF estimates that around 1, 2 million children are victims of trafficking each year.  Not only is the extent of the problem huge, but it is growing. Hundreds of children are lured or forced into trade or exploitation every day.

The concept of trafficking includes recruitment, transport and accomodation of children, by force, threat, fraud or other kinds of pressure, with the purpose of exploiting them. The trade with children occurs both within and between countries. It is wrong to think that trafficking only happens between countries.  Three type of countries/places are often discussed: The country of origin, the transit country and the destination country.

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